The question below is drawn from the New York Common Core assessments, 8th grade test. (NOTE: The goal is to answer the question correctly without reading the passage it’s based on.)

Why does the author write that the Portuguese and the Spanish have been in California longer than the “Americans?”

A. to broaden the reader’s idea of what should be considered “American” folk music

B. to argue that Hungarian, Finnish, and Armenian folk musics are not truly American

C. to suggest that “American” folk music is music that has not been imported to the continent

D. to convince the reader that the Portuguese and Spanish should not be considered minority groups in California